His successor, King George V, changed the name of the royal house and family to Windsor.. The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (/ˌsæks ˌkoʊbɜːrɡ ... ˈɡoʊθə, -tə/; German: Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) is a German dynasty that ruled Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, one of the Ernestine duchies. In 1826, a cadet branch of the house inherited the Hungarian princely estate of the Koháry and converted to Roman Catholicism. We, Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Jülich, Cleves and Berg, also Angria and Westphalia, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Meissen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of Mark and Ravensberg, Lord of Ravenstein and Tonna, et cetera. La rinascita dell’impero in Germania e la dinastia degli Ottoni. , King Philippe of Belgium and Queen Mathilde of Belgium, The British line was founded by King Edward VII, eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Breve ricerca sul Sacro Romano Impero, nato con l'incoronazione di Carlo Magno a Roma nel 1800, Storia medievale —  In Belgium, after the World War in 1920, the name was unofficially changed to "de Belgique" (French), "van België" (Dutch) or "von Belgien" (German), meaning "of Belgium". The Portuguese line was founded by Prince Ferdinand's eldest son, Ferdinand the younger, who married Queen Maria II of the House of Braganza and became king himself. Its members managed to marry a queen regnant of Portugal, an imperial princess of Brazil, an archduchess of Austria, a French royal princess, a royal princess of Belgium and a royal princess of Saxony. The current head of the House of Bulgaria, the former Tsar Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who was deposed and exiled after World War II, goes by the name of Simeon Sakskoburggotski and served as Bulgaria's prime minister from 2001 to 2005. It was founded with the marriage of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, with Princess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág. King Simeon II of Bulgaria (r. 1943–1946). Ernest's younger brother Léopold became King of the Belgians in 1831, and his descendants continue to serve as Belgian monarchs.  German bombers were called "Gothas", in reference to their manufacturer, Gothaer Waggonfabrik.  Since the 2017 Carnet Mondain, the title "Saxe-Cobourgh-Gotha" is again in use for all the descendants of Leopold I, with the exception of King Philippe, his wife, his brother and his sister (Astrid) who keep their title "of Belgium"; therefore the descendants of Astrid of Belgium do not bear this title, but that of "of Austria-Este" of their father. Duarte Nuno of Braganza and his successors were descendants of the banished Miguelist line. Upon the latter's death without surviving sons, it went to the youngest grandson of Prince Albert and Queen Victoria, Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany. Ricerca sul medioevo: caratteristiche ed eventi più significativi del periodo, Storia medievale — Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. ", "La famille royale s'appelle à nouveau de Saxe-Cobourg", "Famille royalement de Belgique et Saxe-Cobourg", "Patronyme Saxe-Cobourg – Noblesse & Royautés", http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/mopdf/2019/07/19_2.pdf, Official website of the Ducal House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Website of Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha&oldid=989158168, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Belgium, Portugal, Bulgaria, United Kingdom, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:12. This page was last edited on 24 February 2020, at 20:09. However, as heirs to the British throne, Albert's descendants consented and the law of the duchy ratified that the ducal throne would not be inherited by the British monarch or heir apparent. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Casa de Sajonia-Coburgo y Gotha (es); Szász–Coburg–Gothai-ház (hu); Casa de Saxonia-Coburgu y Gotha (ast); Саксен-Кобург-Готская династия (ru); Llinach Saxe-Coburg a Gotha (cy); Саксен-Кобург-Гоцкая дынастыя (be); Սաքսեն Կոբուրգ Գոթերի դինաստիա (hy); Сакс-Кобург и Гота (bg); Huset Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (da); საქსენ-კობურგის და გოთას დინასტია (ka); ساکس کوبرگ و گوتھا خاندان (ur); Sasko-cobursko-gothajská dynastia (sk); בית סקסה-קובורג-גותה (he); 萨克森-科堡-哥达王朝 (wuu); Saksi-Coburg-Gotha (fi); Saksio-Koburgo kaj Gotao (eo); sasko-kobursko-gothajská dynastie (cs); Sassonia-Coburgo-Gotha (it); Maison de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha (fr); Dinastija Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (hr); House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (en); ザクセン＝コーブルク＝ゴータ家 (ja); Casa de Saxa-Coburg și Gotha (ro); Nhà Sachsen-Coburg và Gotha (vi); Dinastia Saxònia-Coburg i Gotha (ca); Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (sv); Casa de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota (pt); ซัคเซิน-โคบูร์กและโกทา (th); Saksijas Koburgas un Gotas dzimta (lv); Huis van Sakse-Koburg en Gotha (af); Династија Сакс-Кобург и Гота (sr); Saksi-Coburgi ja Gotha dünastia (et); House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (en-gb); Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (nb); Fyrstehuset Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (nn); Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (id); Saksonia-Coburg-Gotha (pl); Taigh Saxe-Coburg agus Gotha (gd); Huis Saksen-Coburg en Gotha (nl); 萨克森-科堡-哥达王朝 (zh); Саксен-Кобург-Готська династія (uk); House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (tr); Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (de); Casa de Saxonia Coburgo Gota (gl); بيت ساكس-كوبرغ وغوتا (ar); Οίκος της Σαξονίας-Κόμπουργκ και Γκότα (el); 작센코부르크고타 왕가 (ko) dinastía Europea (es); dynastie germanique (fr); בית מלוכה בריטי (he); Adelsgeschlecht (de); casa real e dinastia alemã (pt); German dynasty (en); գերմանական դինաստիա (hy); panovnická dynastie (cs); teulu o'r Almaen (cy) Սաքսեն Կոբուրգ Գոթերի արքայատոհմ (hy); Koburkové, Coburgové, Sasko-Kobursko-Gothajští (cs); بيت ساكس كوبورغ وغوتا, بيت ساكس كوبرغ وغوتا (ar), Library of Congress authority ID: n97076547, Coats of arms of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Herzoglicher Friedhof im Callenberger Forst, House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (United Kingdom), Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:House_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha&oldid=397924724, Uses of Wikidata Infobox providing interwiki links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry is a Catholic cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. In 1917, the First World War caused George V to change from "Saxe-Coburg and Gotha" to the House of Windsor in the United Kingdom. Because of the First World War, the title of the family was unofficially changed in 1920 or 1921 to "of Belgium", and the armorial bearings of Saxony were removed from the Belgian royal coat of arms. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Ernest I's second son, Prince Albert (1819–1861), married Queen Victoria in 1840, and thus is the progenitor of the United Kingdom's royal family, called the House of Windsor since 1917.. Since the duchy was abolished in 1918, the heads use the title Prince rather than Duke. Patrilineality, descent as reckoned from father to son, had historically been the principle determining membership in reigning families until late in the 20th century, thus the dynasty to which the monarchs of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha belonged genealogically throughout the 1900s is the House of Wettin, despite the official use of varying names by different branches of the patriline. Agnatic branches currently reign in Belgium—the descendants of Leopold I—and in the United Kingdom—the descendants of Albert, Prince Consort. Instead of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (the future Edward VII of the United Kingdom) inheriting the duchy, it was diverted to his next brother, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.  The armorial bearing of Saxony was put back in 2019. Their second son Prince August inherited the estates of the House of Koháry in Hungary and Austria. Fu indubbiamente tra più grandi sovrani dell'età medievale, a lui si deve la restaurazione della società romano-germanica e la sua difesa dalle ondate migratorie degli Slavi e degli Ungari. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. (2 pagine formato pdf), I più letti: Back to school: come si torna in classe| Mappe concettuali |Tema sul coronavirus| Temi svolti, Storia — La casa di Sassonia trovò in Ottone I il suo primo grande sovrano. There were two official residences, in Gotha and Coburg. Therefore, the German duchy became a secundogeniture, hereditary among the younger princes of the British royal family who belonged to the House of Wettin, and their male-line descendants. Note di carattere storico sulla politica di Corrado "il Salico", Storia medievale — Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, "The House of Windsor – A Proclamation 1917 - British Monarchist Society and Foundation", Former king marks first year as Bulgarian Prime Minister, Lord Alderdice speaking in the House of Lords on 19 May 2005, "Chapitre 23 : Le « roi-chevalier » n'est pas un héros", "La famille royale s'appelle à nouveau Saxe-Cobourg: pourquoi est-ce bientôt la fin des "de Belgique"? Founded by Ernest Anton, the sixth duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, it is a cadet branch of the Saxon House of Wettin. Palace of Svätý Anton in Slovakia, today a museum, Ebenthal, Lower Austria, today private property, Walterskirchen castle near Poysdorf, Lower Austria is still owned by the family, Edelény Palace, acquired 1831, today owned by the Hungarian state. Charles Edward's uncle Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and his male line had renounced their claim. The ducal house consisted of all male-line descendants of John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld legitimately born of an equal marriage, males and females (the latter until their marriage), their wives in equal and authorised marriages, and their widows until remarriage. Although senior by birth, they were either not acceptable to the German Emperor as either a member of the British military or unwilling to move to Germany. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Schema dettagliato dalla Crisi dell’impero carolingo alla fine della dinastia degli Ottoni, Storia — A scion of this branch, Ferdinand, became ruling Prince and then Tsar of Bulgaria, and his descendants continued to reign there until 1946. He had previously been Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (as Ernest III) from 1806 until the duchy was reorganized in 1826. This page was last edited on 23 March 2020, at 12:27. The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (/ ˌ s æ k s ˌ k oʊ b ɜːr ɡ ... ˈ ɡ oʊ θ ə,-t ə /; German: Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) is a German dynasty that ruled Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, one of the Ernestine duchies. For the Court Theater, two almost identical buildings had to be built in 1840 in Gotha (destroyed in World War II) and Coburg (now the Coburg State Theater) and thereafter maintained at the same time. Guarda il video…, Ricerca sul Medioevo: caratteristiche e significato, Capitolo 4 I promessi sposi, riassunto e spiegazione | Video. According to the House law of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the full title of the Duke was: Wir, Ernst, Herzog zu Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Jülich, Cleve und Berg, auch Engern und Westphalen, Landgraf in Thüringen, Markgraf zu Meißen, gefürsteter Graf zu Henneberg, Graf zu der Mark und Ravensberg, Herr zu Ravenstein und Tonna usw. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Note sui principali eventi storici durante i regni di Corrado I, II, III e di Enrico II. Léopold's only daughter, Princess Charlotte of Belgium, was the consort of Maximilian I of Mexico, and she was known as Empress Carlota of Mexico in the 1860s. Coat of arms of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Personal arms of the family since the reign of Charles Edward , Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. In addition to the residential castles, Friedenstein Palace in Gotha and Ehrenburg Palace in Coburg, the ducal family also used the Schloss Reinhardsbrunn in Gotha, as well as the Schloss Rosenau and Callenberg Castle in Coburg, and a hunting lodge, Greinburg Castle, in Grein, Austria. This page was last edited on 24 February 2020, at 20:09. The current head of the ducal branch is Andreas, the grandson of Charles Edward. Therefore, the whole ducal court, including the court theatre, had to move twice a year: from Gotha to Coburg for the summer and from Coburg to Gotha for the winter. Ottone detto "il Grande" era figlio di Enrico I e regnò tra il 936 e 973. The Belgian line was founded by Leopold, youngest son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. This category contains only the following page. La linea Wittenberg della dinastia ascanide si estinse con la morte di Alberto III nel 1422 e l'imperatore Sigismondo di Lussemburgo conferì l'elettorato di Sassonia al margravio Federico IV di Meissen, suo leale sostenitore ed esponente della Casa di Wettin, nonostante le proteste del duca Eric V di Sassonia-Lauenburg, che rivendicava per sé la successione. #dnaroyalsarchive The Savoy Tourmaline Parure (our logo ) Questa paure è stata realizzata da Musy (gioielliere di corte di Casa Savoia) per la Regina Maria Teresa nel 1830 e include una tiara, una collana, una spilla con tre pendenti, orecchini pendenti e due bracciali. Although the ducal branch is eponymous with the dynasty, its head is not the senior member of the family genealogically or agnatic. The first duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was Ernest I, who reigned from 1826 until his death in 1844. August's youngest son became Ferdinand I of Bulgaria. Rare first edition of “Ritratti Historici, Politici, Chronologici e Genealogici della Casa Elettorale di Sassonia” written by Gregorio Leti after a few months spent in Germany. Riassunto del periodo medievale che va dall'XI al XIII secolo: feudalesimo, la svolta del Mille, lo scontro tra impero e chiesa, le crociate, i comuni e Gengis Khan, Riassunto, trama e spiegazione del quarto capitolo de I promessi sposi, dedicato a Fra' Cristoforo. Dinastia Wettin. This category has the following 34 subcategories, out of 34 total. It was overthrown in the Revolution of 1910, after which it became extinct in 1932 upon the death of Manuel II. 1943), head of the ducal branch, Veste Coburg, ancestral seat of the House of Saxe-Coburg, Ehrenburg Palace, Coburg (summer residence), Friedenstein Castle, Gotha (winter residence). In 1893, the reigning duke Ernest II died childless, whereupon the throne would have devolved, by male primogeniture, upon the descendants of his brother Prince Albert. Founded by Ernest Anton, the sixth duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, it is a cadet branch of the Saxon House of Wettin.