Fascism and anti-fascism, Stalinism and anti-Stalinism do not go together…”. The scene ends like a classic partisan film, with everyone singing a Yugoslavian folk song together—and suddenly, the film cuts to a rally in Beijing at which tens of thousands of people are raising Mao’s little red book in the air in unison. The problem is not too much freedom, but too much control, too much certainty, too much doctrine. Then the camera cuts to Vladimir Ilich, her murderer. The magic of the XF50mmF1.0 R WR is not limited when used fully open at F1.0. ↩, Kupferberg was an anarchist, a pacifist, and a member of the subversive New York City rock band, the Fugs. “Remember, I’m here too,” repeats Okudzhava, and we see Milena’s smile become Reich’s. Stalin’s “first stage of communism” is the reduction of life to inorganic matter—the substitution of duplicate for original, of ideology for experience, of program for desire, of permanence for presence, of power for pleasure, of nation for people. Those who seek patriarchal status and political power willingly make this exchange, not understanding that these supplant rather than supplement their personhood. The protagonist of the sequences set in Yugoslavia is Milena, an apostle of Wilhelm Reich’s prescriptions for sexual liberation. We can read WR as a simple allegory of 20th-century international relations: smitten with the USSR, Yugoslavia throws herself at him, only to be betrayed. At this moment, to the sound of a madcap Balkan horn line, Milena’s ex-lover, the lumpen-proletarian Radmilović, comes smashing through the wall like a cartoon superhero out of Deleuze and Guattari.5 Radmilović functions as a sort of Shakespearean fool: because he is a sexist, drunken lout, he can say and do things that would otherwise be inadmissible in Yugoslavian film. Clad in a mini-dress and an army jacket, Milena builds to her climax. Stalin, glamorized in a Soviet propaganda film, strides out to the tune of a zither: “We have demonstrated our ability not only to destroy the old order, but to build in its place a new socialist order.”. Rather than advertising anarchism as one more product in the supermarket of ideology, it demonstrates a method that undermines all ideologies, all received wisdom. is a rebel alliance—a decentralized network pledged to anonymous collective action—a breakout from the prisons of our age. Swift, Blake, Beethoven, Christ, Joyce, Kafka, name me a one who has not been thus castrated. The film cuts to a man in a straitjacket slamming his head against a wall over and over to the sound of another communist hymn: “We thank the Party—our glorious Party—for bringing happiness to every home.”. It arouses a yearning in me to babble sweet nothings, to caress people living in this hell who can still create such beauty. In 73 B.C., a Thracian slave leads a revolt at a gladiatorial school run by Lentulus Batiatus (Sir Peter Ustinov). But nowadays, if you stroke anybody’s head, he’ll bite your hand off! “Frustrate the young sexually and they’ll recklessly take to other illicit thrills… political rallies with flags flying, battling the police like pre-war Communists! As the ultimate homo politicus, Lenin feared eruptions of strong feeling. Is the solution a greater nationalism—Yugoslavian rather than Serbian and Croatian, for example—or to abolish all forms of nationalism once and for all? Milena is not impressed by low-ranking Yugoslavian soldiers. (Processed by Mailchimp.). These films depicted a world of moral binaries: heroism versus cowardice, austerity versus indulgence, communism versus fascism. Everyone at the club would like to thank Filipe for his services to the team and wish him all the best for the future. The uprising soon spreads across the Italian Peninsula involving thousand of slaves. Deprive them of free love and they’ll seize everything else! Most political figures spoke against WR. The dismembered corpse of Yugoslavia in 2018. Returning home, he filled out the material with clips from Soviet propaganda films like The Vow and shot a fictional sequence of his own. “And remember, I’m here too,” entreats Vladimir Ilich, begging for an impossible absolution at the end of a century of holocausts. We strive to reinvent our lives and our world according to the principles of self-determination and mutual aid. As historians of anarchism, we concern ourselves not only with conferences and riots but also with cinema. On the occasion of the birthday of Yugoslavian director Dušan Makavejev, who passed away last year, we explore what his classic 1971 film WR: Mysteries of the Organism has to offer today’s struggles against nationalism, fascism, and dogmatism. Just as no dictatorship can create the conditions for the liberation of humanity, in the final analysis there is no such thing as an anti-fascist state. But also, remember me…, Oh Lord, thou art all-knowing Today, in the Trump era, as in the mid-20th century, authoritarianism is not an aberration, but a norm grounded in a deeply repressive and hierarchical society. Sharaf appears in WR in the documentary material. “But who will protect me from you?” Milena’s housemate responds. ↩, Beethoven’s 9th Symphony also figures prominently in Makavejev’s films Man Is Not a Bird and Sweet Movie. Makavejev’s trialectics: Milena, protagonist of WR, both dead and alive, and director Dušan Makavejev himself. To each one, Lord, I pray thee Yet his ultimate motives are compassionate and affirmative. This is the spirit in which we turn our thoughts to Makavejev’s WR: Mysteries of the Organism. When the duplication of Buckley’s organ is complete, WR jumps back to the Soviet propaganda reel, equating Stalin with the ersatz phallus. The fictional sequence forms the backbone of WR’s unconventional plot, dividing the film into two “Sex-Pol” shorts. He is nationalistic manhood personified; the stage makeup of his profession only accentuates his icy masculinity. Milena’s attraction to Vladimir Ilich underscores the point that our current desires will not necessarily lead us out of the order that produces them. It led to Fascism and Doomsday!” At first viewing, it could appear that Milena is championing sexual liberation. It is not safe to sleep with patriarchy. It still challenges us today. ↩, For a chilling example of how “non-statist micro-politics” of affective subversion can be reappropriated for the project of repression in the same way that revolutionary communism became the state religion of totalitarian nations, consult Eyal Weizman’s “Walking Through Walls,” in which he relates how the Israeli Defense Force employed concepts from A Thousand Plateaus by Deleuze and Guattari to strategize assaults on Palestinian refugee camps. There are lenses that have the special unexplained quality where they just make things look beautiful and sometimes better than real life. Should we attribute Yugoslavia’s collapse to an excess of id or a surfeit of superego? Made with Tacit by Filipe Freire, 2017-2020 Disclosure - views expressed in this blog are mine and do not reflect the views of my employer, or any organization I am affiliated with. Many people supported the film. Filipe made 43 appearances for the Reds and scored on eight occasions. In 1876, in the final weeks of his life, he set out on one last journey to visit the pianist one more time: “All this will pass away,” Bakunin confided to him, “but the Ninth Symphony will remain.”7. It gets on my nerves! Makavejev has Vladimir Ilich sing “François Villon’s Prayer” by Russian singer Bulat Okudzhava, whose recordings were suppressed in Russia at the time: Before the earth stops turning A lens with the ‘special’ unexplained quality. Grant rest from charity Like the Dadaists before him, Makavejev presents his critique via collage: montage is his answer to dialectics. In view of his tribulations on both sides of the divide, we can see that the repression Makavejev exposed and experienced was not confined to a single national context, but characterizes every nation under capitalism and communism alike. Enhances photographer’s performance to the next level. Witnessing this well designed contrast will fascinate and inspire your creativity. (“You are locked into your suffering,” sings Leonard Cohen, “and your pleasures are the seal.”) Earlier in the film, we hear Jackie Curtis describe her lover Eric as “an American hero” while Tuli Kupferberg prowls Manhattan with a toy machine gun, aping a US soldier. Radmilović, the representative of chaos and irrationality, does no harm to anyone, and almost succeeds in quarantining Vladimir Ilich. The movie concludes with two powerful gestures of affirmation and forgiveness. Gavin Ellis - Topsail High School. He juxtaposes his documentary footage from the US with propaganda films from the Soviet Union, communist China, and Nazi Germany, along with his own fanciful Yugoslavian propaganda film. The FUJINON XF50mmF1.0 R WR will allow you to experience sharpness like you have never seen before. For example, following a portrait of the conservative townspeople in the part of Maine where Reich settled, Makavejev cuts back to the streets of New York City, presenting Andy Warhol starlet Jackie Curtis promenading through the bright lights of the business district with her boyfriend. Jamie Stoker (UK) X-T4 50mm | F1.0 | 1/125 | ISO640 XF50mmF1.0 R WR. A gift of remorse to Caine Anarchism, crushed throughout most of the world by the middle of the 20th century, sprang back to life in a variety of different settings. That in heaven he’s alive again…. Then he introduces a third possibility as a counterpoint to the first two, and this serves as a point of departure for a new opposition to be transcended via the same method. “Love and crime. By using the site you are agreeing to our Privacy Policy. They know not what they do… The camera cuts briefly to Jackie Curtis paying obeisance at a Catholic shrine; the virginal saint above her is holding a skull. Free from vignetting and the ability to control aberrations, creates precision with extremely creamy bokeh. Rain drops at night can bring joy and excitement whilst using this lens. It’s not too much freedom that kills Milena and makes Vladimir Illich into a murderer. When over-controlled people relieve their irrationalities, they often become chaotic, narcissistic, murderous, or suicidal because they just can’t stop. When we first encounter him, he is barricading a road; he accuses a BMW driver of being a member of the red bourgeoisie. As the movie shifts into high gear, Milena goes to see a Russian figure skating troupe perform. In other words, repressive desublimination. As so often occurs, the tale is wiser than the teller. Me too?” interrupts Milena’s housemate, having stripped naked. The ban was lifted only in 1986. Today, when access to the means of media production has become so widespread, it’s difficult to grasp how forcefully subversive this was in 1971. This quotation, which Makavejev attributes to Wilhelm Reich, is the key to understanding the whole film. Yukio Uchida (Japan) X-Pro3 50mm | F1.0 | 1/900 | ISO800 XF50mmF1.0 R WR, Yukio Uchida (Japan) X-Pro3 50mm | F2.0 | 1/210 | ISO800 XF50mmF1.0 R WR. In place of spontaneous expressions of love for humanity, merciless violence. A poster for Battle of Neretva, a classic of overt militarism and repressed sexuality. This is the problem—how order succeeds order, the dictator replacing the Tsar just as Oedipus replaced his father. It is as if the viewer is switching between several different channels with both the soundtracks and the themes bleeding over from one to the next; each transition complicates and intensifies the web of associations. Every nation will be a time bomb like Yugoslavia until we disassemble all of them down to their deepest foundations, which are rooted deep within ourselves. What is this love that makes you nearly knock my head off? Marvelous, superhuman music! Milena attempting to explain to Vladimir Ilich how patriarchal power and personality structure figure in the emergence of fascism. ↩, “Every fury on earth has been absorbed in time, as art, or as religion, or as authority in one form or another. Milena smoking a cigar like Sigmund Freud or Che Guevara. The same seeds of fascism and civil war lurk within all nationalisms, within all valorizations of power and duty. This is throwing mud on all of those holy things…” Still another said that if Petar Volk showed up among his workers with his long hair, they would throw him out head first. Of all the works of the Black Wave, Dušan Makavejev’s WR: Mysteries of the Organism stands out as an exemplary anarchist film. She and her housemate are in the company of two young soldiers: “Consider yourself protected by the Yugoslav People’s Army,” one says flirtatiously. Fujifilm unveils the latest interchangeable lenses roadmap for the X Series of mirrorless digital cameras, Free firmware update for FUJINON XF50mmF1.0 R WR Lens, Heralding a new age of portrait photography FUJINON XF50mmF1.0 R WR Lens. XF50mmF1 allowed me to use faster shutter speed and lower ISO even under low light, guaranteeing better image quality. In the US, it reappeared among activists like the Yippies; in Britain, it reemerged in the punk counterculture; in Yugoslavia, where an ersatz form of “self-management” in the workplace was the official program of the communist party, it appeared in a rebel filmmaking movement, the Black Wave. Some have tried to defend it here, saying that the struggle against every dogmatism shouldn’t accept any dogma. Briefly, we glimpse Milena releasing Vladimir Ilich from the wardrobe. Using lenses at F1.0 with such precision requires users to have some patience. WR: Mysteries of the Organism: Anarchist Realism and Critical Quandaries, ‹ Previous: Ein Jahr seit der türkischen Invasion in Rojava: Interview mit Tekoşîna Anarşîst, Chile: Looking Back on a Year of Uprising: Next ›. Did the nationalist wars that tore up the country represent unfettered desire giving rise to violence, or were they caused by the forces that have always distorted and repressed desire? Speaking to an interviewer in 1995, Makavejev attributed the banning of WR to the continuing influence of the Soviet Union in Yugoslavia. Milena’s voice in the film is also Reich’s voice, but behind that, it is Makavejev’s voice—the voice of a Yugoslavian making a documentary about Reich. Storyline. ↩, July 4 in Minneapolis: The Logic of Autonomous Organizing, A Mural in Memory of Those Killed by Police and White Supremacy, Posters, Stickers, and Graffiti from around the World. WR: Mysteries of the Organism earned cult status when it was first screened in 1971, but the socialist authorities set out to suppress it almost immediately. Provincial intolerance alongside the repressive tolerance of the metropolis—what Herbert Marcuse called “repressive desublimation.”. They make love. As the fallen soldier believes When she approaches him backstage for an autograph, he recites his answers directly out of a Communist Party phrasebook. It’s also one of the fiercest expressions of disillusionment with state socialism to reach us from the 20th century. You can order print copies of Antipolitika here. Compare this with the closing scene of Alfred Hitchcock’s North By Northwest. The images you can achieve change their expression every 1/3 step. The remainder of the film, captioned “May 1, 1971 Belgrade,” is set in an imagined Yugoslavia, in which the protagonist, Milena,1 attempts to implement Reich’s philosophy as a form of orthodox party communism. Before the lights go dim 2 Makavejev himself was driven into exile in the West following a complaint brought against him by veteran partisans. Given two ostensibly opposing positions, Makavejev always refuses to take sides, instead revealing the common threads that connect them. I could listen to it all day! At the culmination of this speech, he strikes Milena for attempting to touch him. Free from vignetting and the ability to control aberrations, creates precision with extremely creamy bokeh. Milena’s indictment of Vladimir Ilich is Reich’s indictment of Lenin and Hitler and Stalin; it is Makavejev’s indictment of Tito and of all patriarchal power and personality structure. In summer 1971, political figures and “cultural workers” attended a special screening of WR in Novi Sad in order to decide whether to ban it. Makavejev puts his own anarchistic ideas in the mouth of a communist caricature of an anarchist in order to save the authorities the trouble of having to caricature him themselves—a comic lampoon of a timeless socialist tactic. With the aperture set to F1.0, the weather resisitant XF50mmF1.0 R WR can capture light shimmering in the dark, and creates enchanting images that justify you getting wet. But we have to say where we are, on which side, for what ideology. Knut Koivisto (Sweden) X-T4 50mm | F1.0 | 1/1000 | ISO320 XF50mmF1.0 R WR. At the same time, Tito’s break with Stalin in 1948 set the stage for the Yugoslavian experiment with socialism to take its own road. “Excuse me,” Vladimir Ilich interjects at one point, “this is a photo montage, isn’t it?”. And how can we set out to do that without replacing nationalism with another dogma, another ideology? The realization of any totalizing system brings all its flaws and fault lines into relief, magnifies them—like the USSR—to the size of continents. The XF50mmF1.0 R WR is a powerful lens that will change the way you capture the world. Morais joined the Reds at the beginning of the 2018/19 season following his release from Bolton Wanderers that summer. She sets her sights on the star Russian figure skater. Grant to each some little thing Now you have to hit them on the head. In the contrast between these two Russian revolutionaries, we see two fundamentally different ways of relating to the tides of emotion that surge through us. Speaking about WR years later, Makavejev reflected: You can die from freedom, like you can die from too much fresh air, if you are not used to it… I think that over-controlled people have very good reasons for saying that freedom is dangerous. XF50mmF1.0 opens the gate to the unknown. On Lenin’s side, we see control, austerity, order, violence. Milena’s refusal to feel shame about her fate is Makavejev blessing humanity: all our clumsy efforts to free ourselves, all the revolutions and liberation struggles that ended in dictatorship and dogma, all our human frailty. Grant what is needful to him…, To the one whose hand is open Was the problem too much freedom on the scale of the nation—or too much despotism on the molecular level, the scale of the individual? As Milena concludes her speech, Vladimir Ilich embraces her, remorseful and abashed. “Kill for Peace” by The Fugs kicks in on the soundtrack, a comparably oxymoronic program. Exploring the variants of Marxism, he found a road not taken in the works of the Austrian psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich. We see Milena’s disembodied head on an autopsy tray. Antipolitika is also printed in Serbo-Croatian and Greek. Yet in the mid-20th century, anti-fascism was a much broader philosophical, scientific, and aesthetic current extending from the Surrealists to the Existentialists, from Wilhelm Reich and Theodore Adorno to Suzanne and Aimé Césaire, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guatarri, and Dušan Makavejev. The first 25 minutes is ostensibly a documentary about Wilhelm Reich and his legacy in the US, captioned “May 1, 1931, Berlin”—when Reich’s original Sex-Pol might have made this film, in the alternate universe Makavejev concocts. Is desire itself the problem, to be controlled with laws and interventions from transnational military bodies? There is nothing in this human world of ours that is not in some way right, however distorted it may be. Hounded out of the Communist Party by pro-Soviet puritans and driven from Europe by the Nazi seizure of power, Reich fled to the United States. In other words, the state (the concentration of power and authority in the hands of a few) is to create the conditions for freedom (the distribution of power and agency to all on a horizontal basis). Those are the lenses you really rely on and keep going back to. This is Makavejev’s answer to the moral binaries of the partisan blockbuster. Milena is mortified: “Free the People’s Artist!”. Over this scene, Makavejev dubs a radio commercial: “You own the sun with Coppertone.” The US is at once a bastion of small-town conservatism and a land of freedom in which sexual difference manifests as the commodification of the self on the market of identity. Like Milena, Yugoslavia was murdered, torn apart by authoritarian currents that had never been rooted out by the sham self-management of state socialism. But if we read Vladimir Ilich more abstractly as a symbol of patriarchal nationalism, it appears that Makavejev foretold the civil war of the 1990s twenty years in advance. The deadliest blow the enemy of the human soul can strike is to do fury honor. Geopolitically, Yugoslavia represented a third power alongside the Eastern and Western Blocs; economically, “self-management” was official government policy; socially, Yugoslavia supposedly offered a more tolerant and egalitarian alternative to US capitalism and Soviet totalitarianism. Faster shutter speed and lower ISO, even under low light. With perhaps naïve pride, I think, “What wonders men can create!” But I can’t listen to music. “There is nothing in this human world of ours that is not in some way right, however distorted it may be.”. From the perspective of the tactician, all sentiment should be strategic, all raw energy should be channeled into rationalized systems. The future is in chains within you — set it free. Some 800 people attended. If you agree, let’s do something about it. I agree with that. In giving remorse to Caine, Makavejev implores us to compassion—not just for Milena, Reich, himself, and all who have suffered at the hands of authoritarians, but also for Lenin, for Stalin, for Tito and Eisenhower, for all of humanity locked in cycles in which we do harm to those we love. These words, of course, are straight from Lenin’s mouth, via Gorky’s memoirs of the Great Leader. The FUJINON XF50mmF1.0 R WR will allow you to experience sharpness like you have never seen before. The lens also has a very fast focus speed, which makes it suitable for many kinds of shooting styles, including street snaps and commercial filming in the studio. Just like how the latest technologies used for the track shoes assist athletes to break the world records, I believe that this lens has the similar capability and potential to enhance photographer's performance to the next level. As Godfrey packs plaster around Buckley’s erection, the soundtrack shifts to Czech classical composer Bedřich Smetana’s patriotic theme, “The Moldau.” Smetana’s composition connects naturalism and nationalism, evoking the reverence with which male sexual potency is venerated in patriarchal society. The classic example of this is Lenin’s corpse, preserved in Red Square for workers to file dutifully past. Milena’s martyrdom is an allegory of Reich’s persecution and exile, foreshadowing Makavejev’s own misfortunes in his homeland and then in the West. As all men must believe This website uses cookies. A third issue on the topic of nationalism is currently in preparation. His name is Vladimir Ilich—an overt reference to Lenin. Traveling to the United States in Reich’s footsteps, Makavejev interviewed Reich’s remaining disciples and recorded footage of therapists, artists, and entrepreneurs associated with what Reich had dubbed the sexual revolution. The film cuts to a scene in which an inmate in a mental hospital is undergoing electric shock therapy, and the zither resumes, driving home the association between patriarchal leadership, state power, and the institutional enforcement of mental health. “Sweet oblivion is the masses’ demand! Logan Potts - New Hanover High School. One said, “The film placed all of the ideologies of the world in the same hole, including the ideology of self-management. He is like a physician trying to diagnose the ailments afflicting the patient and the medical profession at once; this is why the film can appear so self-contradictory. The norms of sexual liberation are no more liberating than the norms of Marxism, which are no more liberating than the norms of capitalism. You said I was as lovely as the revolution. Home CAMP About SERVICES Posters around the USSR blazoned Vladimir Mayakovsky’s words: “Even now, Lenin is more alive than the living.” Raised to superhuman status as an icon, Lenin not only ceased to be a living, breathing human being—he also drained others of life and freedom.6. Milena is the ideologue incarnate: passionate and doctrinaire, she has substituted advancing the party line for the actual fulfillment of her program. This is Makavejev at his bitterest. What seems like a celebration of manhood and male power is actually a substitution tantamount to castration: the inorganic for the organic, the artificial for the real, the rigid for the flexible, the statue of the hero for the flesh of the human being. Another: “I think this is a real political diversion and an attack on things we consider holy, such as Lenin, such as a communist red flag, our movement, our efforts and the victims we sacrificed and still sacrifice for that. That led to revolution. The smooth outlines and the creamy bokeh of the XF50mmF1.0 R WR is not like any other F1.0 lens you know. This implies that the proper road to liberation is a carefully managed process in which the free expression and satisfaction of sexual desire can be properly moderated. Give me some.“. Milena and Vladimir Ilich are walking through a snowy park together. You can also download this text as a zine to print and distribute. “Socialism must not exclude human pleasure from its program!” she declaims to proletarian applause, a demagogue of sexual freedom. “He teaches that every nice person like you and me hides behind his façade a great explosive charge… A great reservoir of energy that can be released only by war or revolution.”, “In me? However, the foregrounds and backgrounds are just as essential in the frame as a beautiful bokeh, and help you realize the true meaning of "focus". In the most famous scene of WR, Milena steps out onto the balcony of her apartment to harangue her neighbors in a sequence that channels the greatest Soviet propaganda films. While Godrey massages Buckley to erection, we see Milena reading aloud from Lenin’s The State and Revolution, in which Lenin quotes Engels: “The proletariat needs the state, not in the interests of freedom, but in order to subdue its enemies, and as soon as it becomes possible to speak of freedom, the state as such ceases to exist.”. CrimethInc. “Comrades, we have successfully completed the first stage of communism!” Stalin proclaims, joining everyone in applauding his own declaration. The XF50mmF1.0 R WR isn't like normal F1.0 lenses. By using the advantages of the mirrorless system, the lens utilizes the high precision using the auto focus of the camera, including face and eye autofocus and phase detection pixels. Utterly bereft, he is staggering through the snow, his hands soaked in blood, recoiling in horror from himself. Finely controlling aberrations and maintaining crisp sharp edges means the lens creates an extraordinary balance of backgrounds and foregrounds. As the camera zooms in past the forensic investigators, her head comes to life and addresses us, describing the outcome of her liaison with Vladimir Ilich, “a genuine Red Fascist.”, “Comrades!” she proclaims, indomitable even in death.

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